Securing a Classic WAR Application

The needed steps to secure your WAR application are:

  1. In the /WEB-INF/web.xml file, declare the necessary:

    • security constraints in the <security-constraint> element

    • login configuration in the <login-config> element

    • security roles in the <security-role> element.

      For example:

      <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
      <web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
               xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
               xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
               version="3.0">
      
          <module-name>customer-portal</module-name>
      
          <welcome-file-list>
              <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
          </welcome-file-list>
      
          <security-constraint>
              <web-resource-collection>
                  <web-resource-name>Customers</web-resource-name>
                  <url-pattern>/customers/*</url-pattern>
              </web-resource-collection>
              <auth-constraint>
                  <role-name>user</role-name>
              </auth-constraint>
          </security-constraint>
      
          <login-config>
              <auth-method>BASIC</auth-method>
              <realm-name>does-not-matter</realm-name>
          </login-config>
      
          <security-role>
              <role-name>admin</role-name>
          </security-role>
          <security-role>
              <role-name>user</role-name>
          </security-role>
      </web-app>
  2. Add the jetty-web.xml file with the authenticator to the /WEB-INF/jetty-web.xml file.

    For example:

    <?xml version="1.0"?>
    <!DOCTYPE Configure PUBLIC "-//Mort Bay Consulting//DTD Configure//EN"
     "http://www.eclipse.org/jetty/configure_9_0.dtd">
    <Configure class="org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext">
        <Get name="securityHandler">
            <Set name="authenticator">
                <New class="org.keycloak.adapters.jetty.KeycloakJettyAuthenticator">
                </New>
            </Set>
        </Get>
    </Configure>
  3. Within the /WEB-INF/ directory of your WAR, create a new file, keycloak.json. The format of this configuration file is described in the Java Adapters Config section. It is also possible to make this file available externally as described in Configuring the External Adapter.

  4. Ensure your WAR application imports org.keycloak.adapters.jetty and maybe some more packages in the META-INF/MANIFEST.MF file, under the Import-Package header. Using maven-bundle-plugin in your project properly generates OSGI headers in manifest. Note that "*" resolution for the package does not import the org.keycloak.adapters.jetty package, since it is not used by the application or the Blueprint or Spring descriptor, but is rather used in the jetty-web.xml file.

    The list of the packages to import might look like this:

    org.keycloak.adapters.jetty;version="3.1.0.Final",
    org.keycloak.adapters;version="3.1.0.Final",
    org.keycloak.constants;version="3.1.0.Final",
    org.keycloak.util;version="3.1.0.Final",
    org.keycloak.*;version="3.1.0.Final",
    *;resolution:=optional
Configuring the External Adapter

If you do not want the keycloak.json adapter configuration file to be bundled inside your WAR application, but instead made available externally and loaded based on naming conventions, use this configuration method.

To enable the functionality, add this section to your /WEB_INF/web.xml file:

<context-param>
    <param-name>keycloak.config.resolver</param-name>
    <param-value>org.keycloak.adapters.osgi.PathBasedKeycloakConfigResolver</param-value>
</context-param>

That component uses keycloak.config or karaf.etc java properties to search for a base folder to locate the configuration. Then inside one of those folders it searches for a file called <your_web_context>-keycloak.json.

So, for example, if your web application has context my-portal, then your adapter configuration is loaded from the $FUSE_HOME/etc/my-portal-keycloak.json file.